Interested to find out the top 5 updates on Pakistan’s Renewable Energy Sector? This article will help you gain insight on the development of Pakistan’s Renewable Energy Sector.
Pakistan’s Renewable Energy Policy
Pakistan’s renewable energy policy defines Pakistan’s stance and commitment in improving its national electricity mix. Some goals are short term while other are middle and long term. These goals determine how Pakistan intends to contribute to renewable energy on a global scale.
Pakistan is blessed with tremendous Renewable Energy (RE) potential (Solar, Wind, Hydro, etc.) which can be utilized for power generation to meet its energy needs.
To increase development of Renewable Energy sector, the Government of Pakistan’s (GOP) Ministry to Energy (Power Division) in consultation with all relevant stakeholders developed a strategic policy implementation road-map in 2006.
As awareness regarding ‘Global Warming’ is rising throughout the media and online platforms; most nations are waking up to this impending threat and are switching to Renewable Energy (RE) by continuously making updated policies which facilitate their populace through cheaper and cleaner alternative.
In the last decade, Renewable Energies (REs) have seen significant growth in different parts of the world in terms of research and deployment (R&D), technological advancements and cost competitiveness.
Experience under Renewable Energy (RE) Policy 2006 coupled with international best practices provides the GOP basis for more comprehensive and updated framework which is now known as the Renewable Energy (RE) Policy 2019. This policy’s sole purpose is to create a favorable environment for the sustainable growth of RE Sector in Pakistan.
The Salient features of Pakistan’s Draft Renewable Energy Policy (2019) are:
(A) Invites investment from the Private Sector (IPPs – for:
(a) sale of Power to Grid,
(b) Captive cum Grid Spill Over Projects – Self Use and Sale to Utility,
(c) Captive Power Producers – Dedicated use only,
(d) Isolated Grid Small/ Stand Alone Power Projects
(e) Apart from the IPP Category, the Projects would not require LOI, LOS or IA from the Government.
(B) National Transmission & Dispatch Company (NTDC) and Central Power Purchasing Agency (CPPA) would buy the Electricity from the Projects:
(a) Wheeling Concept of Electricity Use.
(b) Allows Net Metering & Billing so that the Producer can sell surplus Electricity at one time and receive electricity from the grid at another time and settle accounts on net basis.
(c) Deregulate small scale (Micro, mini & Small) power production through Renewable Energy
(d) Simplified Tariff Determination
(e) Investor is protected from the variability Risk
(f) Facilitates Projects to obtain Carbon Credits
Tapping into Other Wind Corridors
The Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) on 25th January 2018 held a meeting to press ahead with the plan of exploiting the wind energy potential in Balochistan by undertaking a comprehensive resource assessment of potential areas in collaboration with the provincial government and the national transmission company.
According to the Wind Data Map the coastal areas like Gwadar and Pasni in Makran district provide good conditions and climate for installation and working with the wind turbines.
There has been no update regarding the survey and the feasibility which were supposed to be carried by AEDB in this regard to attract investors in these regions. No Investor has sought an LOI to Tap into Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as yet.
Focus of Government of Pakistan (GOP)
The government’s recent policy changes on renewable energy development shifting their attention from Renewable Energy to Coal have dealt a grievous blow to wind energy sector.
As mentioned earlier the GOP had an open door policy for Renewable Energy Investors that had promised a new dawn of clean and cheap power for an energy starved Pakistan. Advanced industrial nations like Germany and Denmark produce 42% and 14% of their electricity by wind alone whereas Pakistan is producing less than 1 percent.
AEDB & PPIB Merger
The administrative control of AEDB was transferred to Ministry of Water and Power (MoW&P) in In 2017, the MoW&P, in its summary requested approval to empower Private Power & Infrastructure Board (PPIB) to undertake functions of AEDB in addition to its existing functions. Although the matter was approved by the competent authority, no steps have yet been taken to implement this decision. Currently both Bodies are working Independently as per their previous Mandate (2006). It has been highlighted that due to the political situation of Pakistan implementation of the merger has been on Hold. Progress may be expected after the Elections are carried out in July 2018.
Renewable Energy Future
Regarding the Future of Renewable Energy in Pakistan, Ex-Federal Minister for Power Division Sardar Awais Ahmed Khan Leghari had stated in January 2018 that the Ministry of Energy was planning to establish a Renewable Energy Institute with an aim to conduct research, study existing potential and propose policy measures for government’s consideration.
Highlighting the potential of renewable energy in Pakistan, the minister pointed out that in order to tap such resources and pass on due benefits to consumers, the government had decided to hold competitive bidding for clean energy generation in the future.
The Ministry is currently in coordination with Asian Development Bank (ADB) & International Finance Corporation (IFC) to discuss their plan for the future.
As part of two day consultation meetings for finalization of Pakistan’s New Draft Alternative & Renewable Energy Policy 2019, the second session of consultative meetings with private sector stakeholders and multilateral donor agencies was held at Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) on August 25, 2019.
Participants of the meeting also gave their input regarding the draft renewable energy policy. The discussions and inputs received during the consultations will enable AEDB to finalize its draft for placing the same before Federal Cabinet for its approval to place it before Council of Common Interest for its final approval.
Read more about Pakistan’s Renewable Energy Goals at EnergizedPAK